Analisis Frekuensi Denyut Jantung Istirahat Pelari dan Bukan Pelari di Kota Padang

  • Ihsan Otriami Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas
  • Mefri Yanni Bagian Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskular, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas
  • Mohamad Reza Bagian Biologi Kedokteran, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas,
  • Cimi Ilmiawati Bagian Farmakologi dan Terapi, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas
Keywords: Resting heart rate, Training volume, Runners

Abstract

Background. Running is increasingly popular in Indonesia as a recreational and competitive sport. Training volume per week is known to be associated with the cardiorespiratory fitness of runners. A straightforward method of assessing fitness is by measuring the resting heart rate (RHR).

Objective. This study aimed to analyze the RHR and its runners, recreational runners, and non-runners in the city of Padang, West Sumatera.

Methods. This cross-sectional study recruited 51 subjects by purposive sampling (elite runners n= 16, recreational runners n=15, and non-runners n=20). RHR (beat per minute [bpm]) was measured using electrocardiography, while exercise volume perweek (km) was obtained using an electronic questionnaire (Google form). Data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation test, Mann-Whitney U test, and One-way ANOVA/Kruskal-Wallis.

Results. The results of this study indicated that the RHR of elite runners was lower than recreational runners and non-runners (55.0; 65.2; 73.4 bpm, respectively; p = 0.001). The correlation between training volume per week and RHR was not statistically significant in elite runners (Spearman r=-0.31; p=0.25), but statistically significant in recreational runners (Spearman r=-0.73; p=0.002).

 Conclusion. It can be concluded that elite runners have the best cardiorespiratory fitness, followed by recreational runners and non-runners. There is a correlation between weekly training volume and RHR in recreational runners, but not in elite runners.

Published
2021-07-30
Section
Research Articles